Reducing Poverty through the Textile and Apparel Industry

Every time we ponder on workers in the textile industry where sewing machines are used,, we are most likely to think of labor being cheap and overcrowded sewing factories where women dominate the workforce. Actually, the textile industry cultivates the account of how southern maquiladoras have stolen jobs in the manufacturing industry from nations like the United States of America, or how China has flooded the worldwide market with goods that are very cheap. However, instead of such banalities, there is more complication and diversity of occurrences and involvements accompanying the development of the production of textile in terms of geography.

The Clothing Industry

Clothing is one of the primary sectors in manufacturing to materialize in countries that are poverty-stricken, frequently offering jobs to low-skilled laborers, which are mostly females that hold insufficiently compensated employment options. Even though remunerations are low by global ideals, clothing workers are likely to earn more as compared to other undertakings such as low-skill farming and services offered in the domestic market. Therefore for millions of poor, untrained, and inexperienced workers, manufacturing textile is an opening and opportunity to begin progress and step away from of poverty. Workers in the apparel industry, in reality, are generally women. This is an added strong association to the reduction of poverty, since improving economic opportunities for females is a needed stride to growth and a decrease in poverty.

However, this is not the entire account. As it is disputed in the World Bank’s Economic Premise notes series, “The Promise and Peril of Post-MFA Apparel Production,” a drastic shift in clothing production amid countries has inflicted income inequality and poverty decline across the progressing world. This is principally spot-on from the time when the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) and the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) has ended in 2005, which eradicated quotas in export and import. While most individuals forecast that China would benefit due to low take-home pay, and the rest would lose, several other Asian clothing exporters actually benefited, for instance, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan not only due to low wages but also because of domestic policies backup the industry of textile.

What is important is for nations and political leaders to create and have policies that give emphasis on refining competitiveness over time as well as programs for the workforce to benefit workers. Rising exports on apparels is a positive aspect for reducing poverty in countries that are progressing and developing nonetheless climbing the ladder is an expected stage in the chase for prosperity. Let’s permit the textile industry to continue moving past borders and to aid nations to rise up from poverty.